Summary of the year

Hello, I’m Hasmik. I’m in the 9th grade. We have English lessons thrice a week. During the classes we do a lot of exercises, discussions, learn new words, read texts and write essays, do translations and listenings.

This year I learned a lot of new words and began to understand more clearly in English. It has become easier for me to translate large texts. We learned a lot of grammar topics: do and make, direct and indirect speech, passive voice, active and passive sentences, non-continuous verbs, common phrases, as or than. I think my English has improved markedly.

I participated in all projects during which I learned a lot, not only for English. For me, all the projects («Lets Translate!», «Me and my Armenia») were very interesting. During the projects, there was nothing complicated for me.

I really want the classes to be the same from September, because during the quarantine I started to get depressed and I don’t want this to happen again in a few months. I really like to stay home, but still, I am not pleasant about this situation.

Distance Homework

1.Projects to to: 

BIG BAL 

The Fairy Queen had two twin daughters. The girls looked like two drops of water, but had different hair colors. Millie, golden-haired, was calm and balanced, and Gwendolyn, red-haired, extremely mischievous. For the fourteen-year-old daughters, the fairy queen decided to have a big ball in their honor. “After the ball, you can choose your magic power,” she said. “It’s just fantastic, but why wait so long?” Gwendolyn asked. Mother explained that the right choice can only be made when you are ready for it. The Great Magic Book says that this happens exactly on the day when the fairies turn fourteen. So the long-awaited holiday has come. The queen chose a cozy clearing for the ball near the pond and appointed two elves to prepare everything. First, they decorated a magical clearing with daffodils and cornflowers, decorated wooden tables with large leaves and cupped flowers, laid fruit in them. Then they began to assemble the choir. Frogs were supposed to sing in low voices. Each of them was placed on a separate sheet of water lilies on the water. The party of high voices was entrusted with the performance of songbirds — darkness flew over them. When evening came, the queen solemnly announced the opening of the initiation ceremony in the fairies and brought her daughters. First she turned to Millie.

«Soon you will become a real fairy, tell me what kind of power you want to get?»

«Mommy, I want to rule the sun. Then I can become the Fairy of Clear Day. I really like sunny weather, and nothing in the world pleases me like a cloudless sky. In addition, the sun warms the earth, and this is useful for it.»

Mother approved her daughter’s choice and joyfully gave her royal consent. Then she turned to the mischievous Gwendolyn: «My daughter, now I want to hear your answer, which element did you choose for yourself?»

“I want to control the rain. You see, Mom, only when it rains, my hair is perfectly fit and even a little curly. I really like it. And when it rains, I willingly run through the puddles. But this is all empty, because everyone knows that the earth needs rain to water it. That is why I want to become the Fairy of the Rain.»

The queen was very pleased with the response of her second daughter. She called the elf, and he brought the newly-made fairies wands and luxurious dresses. One put on a golden dress, the color of the sun, and the second — blue, the color of the storm. From now on, Millie was called the Fairy of the Sun, and Gwendolyn was called the Fairy of the Rain. And then the fun began. At first, a calm and affectionate Millie woke up.

She opened the window, waved her wand and said: “May this day be sunny!” And the sun warmed so that Gwendolyn woke up from the heat. The mischievous fairy sharply opened its window wide and, in order to tease her sister, exclaimed: “Let it rain!” Of course, clouds immediately appeared in the sky and it began to rain. Millie in response angrily wrinkled her brows, raised her wand and exclaimed: “Sun, come on!”. The sun immediately peeped out from behind the clouds and it became clear. Gwendolyn stomped her foot in exasperation and imperiously ordered: “Rain, hail, thunder immediately to work!” Millie, in turn, caused a terrible drought. And so it went on all day.

The poor nature was bewildered and did not have time to carry out the orders of two young fairies. Snails crawled out of shells during the rain and quickly hid, only the sun peeking out. So the frogs either plunged into puddles, then again jumped out of them. The swallows were generally baffled and did not know how to fly them: low, in the rain, high, in the heat. Suddenly, rain fell in the sun and a rainbow appeared. Only then did the little stubborn fairies realize that their mother, the fairy queen, was angry — that was her sign. The girls calmed down and sat at the negotiating table. They decided that power should be shared. In autumn and spring there is more rainy weather, less in summer and winter. Since then, everything has been harmonious in nature. Well, almost like that …And when you suddenly see that a rainbow appeared in the sky after the rain you know, this is the fairy queen trying to reconcile her restless daughters. Here is a story.

Link

2. Read the text, translate the last passage into English: 

Miss Green was very fat. She weighed 100 kilos, and she was getting heavier every month, so she went to see her doctor.

He said, ‘You need a diet, Miss Green, and I’ve got a good one here.’ He gave her a small book and said, ‘Read this carefully and eat the things on page 11 every day. Then come back and see me in two weeks’ time.’

Miss Green came again two weeks later, but she wasn’t thinner: she was fatter. The doctor was surprised and said, ‘Are you eating the things on page 11 of the small book?’

‘Yes, doctor,’ she answered.

Հաջորդ օրը բժիշկը ճաշի ժամին այցելեց օրիորդ Գրինին: Օրիորդը շատ զարմացավ՝ տեսնելով նրան:

The next day, the doctor visited Miss Green at lunch. The girl was very surprised to see him.

-Օրիո՛րդ Գրին,- ասաց բժիշկը,- ինչո՞ւ եք  կարտոֆիլ և հաց ուտում: Դրանք ձեր դիետայի մեջ չեն մտնում:

«Miss Green,» said the doctor,’why do you eat potatoes and bread? They are not part of your die’.

-Բայց, բժի՛շկ,- պատասխանեց օրիորդ Գրինը,- ես նախաճաշին եմ հետևել իմ դիետային: Սա իմ ճաշն է:

«But, Doctor,» replied Miss Green, «I followed my diet for breakfast. This is my dinner.»

3. Make the active sentences passive

Read and remember everything about Passive Voice here

  1. Letters ARE delivered by the postman at 8 every day. (deliver)
  2. This dress can’t BE washed in hot  water  (can not  wash)
  3. HASN’t your motorbike BEEN  repaired yet ( repair)
  4. The message  will be SENT tomorrow .( send)
  5. He was arrested last Friday (arrest).
  6. My bike  is stolen so far, I’m looking for a new one to buy (steal).
  7. The road is BEING repaired now, so we can’t drive to work (repair).
  8. A new house will be given by the Government next Thursday (give)
  9. This bag was found in the  bus  yesterday( find)

4. Direct  / Indirect Speech

Watch before starting to write!

Also READ!

  • 1. “He works in a bank” She said.
  • She said that he worked in a bank.
  • 2.“I didn’t go to the party” She told me.
  • She told me that she had gone to the party.
  • 3.“We went out last night” She told me.
  • She told me that they had gone out PREVIOUS night.
  • 4.“I was waiting for the bus when he arrived” She told me.
  • She told me that she HAD BEEN waiting for the bus when he arrived.
  • 5.“Who was that beautiful woman?” She asked me.
  • She asked me who  HAD BEEN that beautiful woman.
  • 6.“How often do you go to the cinema?” She asked me
  • She asked me how often I WENT to the cinema.
  • 7. “Do you live in London?” She asked me
  • She asked IF I liveD in London.
  • 8. “Did he arrive on time?” She asked me
  • She asked me IF he HAD arrived on time.
  • 9. “Please help me carry this” She asked me
  • She asked me TO HALP her carry this.
  • 10. Could you please open the window?” She.
  • She asked me IF I could open the window.

5. Read the text, translate the last passage into English:

Two friends were camping together. Their names were Jim and Tim. Tim was very lazy. The first evening of their holiday, Jim said to Tim, ‘Here’s some money. Go and buy some meat.’

‘I’m too tired,’ answered Tim. ‘You go.’ So Jim went to buy the meat. When he came back, he said to Tim, ‘Now, here’s the meat. Please cook it.’ But Tim answered, ‘No, I’m not good at cooking. You do it.’ So Jim cooked the meat. Then Jim said to Tim, ‘Cut the bread,’ but Tim answered, ‘I don’t want to,’ so Jim cut the bread.

Հետո նա ասաց Թիմին.

Then he said to Tim:

-Խնդրում եմ, գնա և ջուր բեր:

«Please, go and get some water».

-Ոչ, չեմ գնա, չեմ ուզում հագուստս կեղտոտել,- պատասխանեց Թիմը, և Ջիմն ինքը բերեց ջուրը:

«No, I’m not going, I don’t want to get my clothes dirty,» Tim replied. «Jim brought the water himself.»

Ապա Ջիմն ասաց.

Then Jim said:

-Ճաշը պատրաստ է, արի ուտելու:

«The dinner is ready, come and eat».

-Այ դա ես կանեմ, պատասխանեց Թիմը, հո ամեն անգամ «ոչ» չե՞մ ասելու:

«I’ll do it,» Tim replied. «I’m not going to say ‘no’ every time?»

6.Write an essay (շարադրություն) on this topic.

Folk music and dance classes in our school. The song and dance which I like most of all.

Ազգային Երգը և երաժշտությունը մեր դպրոցում: Իմ ամենից շատ սիրելի ազգային երգը կամ պարը:

Our school has been teaching folk dancing and singing for a long time. This is quite interesting. Almost everyone already knows a lot of traditional dances and songs. It is very good that we study our culture, because now we can teach this to foreigners as well. People from other countries often come to our school, so we have something to surprise them with. Of the tanks, I like Karno Kochari and Ishkhanats Par. But I can’t choose from the songs, because there are a lot of them.

7. Read the text, translate the last passage into English:

Dave’s class at school were studying English history, and one day their teacher said to them, ‘Well, boys, on Friday we’re all going to get on a bus and go to Conway. There’s a beautiful castle there, and we’re going to visit it.’ The boys were very happy when they heard this.

‘Now, has anybody got any questions?’ the teacher asked.

‘How old is the castle, sir?’ Dave asked.

‘It’s about seven hundred years old, Dave,’ the teacher answered.

‘What’s the name of the castle, sir?’ another boy asked.

‘Conway Castle,’ the teacher said.

Ուրբաթ օրը տղաները դպրոց եկան ժամը 9-ին և նստեցին ավտոբուս: Նրանք այցելեցին Քոնվեյի ամրոցը և տուն վերադարձան:

On Friday, the boys came to school at 9 o’clock and boarded a bus. They visited Conway Castle and returned home.

-Դե ի՞նչ,-ասաց Դեյվի մայրիկը նրան, երբ տուն մտավ,- հավանեցի՞ր ամրոցը:

«What?» Said Dave’s mother as she entered the house. «Did you like the castle?»

-Ոչ այդքան,- պատասխանեց Դեյվը,- հիմար մարդիկ այն երկաթգծին շատ մոտ են կառուցել:

«Not so much,» Dave replied. «Stupid people built it very close to the railroad.»

8.Write an essay (շարադրություն) on this topic.

Blog as an educational tool (area). How long have you had your blog? How often do you update your blog? The advantages and disadvantages of using blog as an educational tool?

Studying on a blog was a great idea. The blog is always with us. Wherever we are we can do our homework. And it also gives the opportunity to learn new programs and all that that may be useful to us in the future. So we learn independence and engage in self-development. For almost every lesson, we are looking for some information on the Internet. This gives us many new ideas and opportunities. The only negative on blogs is numbers and calculations, because writing them on a blog is very difficult or even impossible.

Distance Homework

1.Complete the sentences below with as or than.

  1. I can’t sing better than you.
  2. My family is taller as my mother.
  3. Armenian is more difficult than English.
  4. Is life less expensive in the country than in the city?
  5. I am as cool as a cucumber.
  6. She isn’t as tall as her brother.
  7. Your problems aren’t as important as mine.
  8. Cats are as intelligent as dogs.
  9. You are as beautiful as your sister.
  10. Come as quickly as you can.

2.You have a project to do

»Me and my Armenia» <<Ես և իմ Հայաստանը>>


3.Listening exercises

Watch the videoes, write your reviews or write  essays about these topics, answer the questions 

 

  1. false
  2. false
  3. true
  4. false

 

  1. I also like cheese, ice cream and yogurt.
  2. Sometimes my mother will make a peach pie.
  3. Meat and fish are also plentiful here.
  4. My parents would rather have spaghetti or lasagne.
  5. There are restaurants from most cultures.

 

  1. C) Take him somewhere.
  2. B) Another employer.
  3. B) Outside a building
  4. A) Content.
  5. A) a Policeman.
  6. B) expressing disapproval.
  7. A) The service is unreliable
  8. A) He has decided to retire

4. Read the text and answer the questions

      «Thanksgiving»

Thanksgiving is a holiday celebrated predominantly in North America, and it possesses a different meaning in each of the countries where it’s acknowledged. In the United States, Thanksgiving is a federal holiday (meaning all government employees and most private employees are given a day off of work), and always takes places on the Fourth Thursday in November, regardless of the date. The holiday signifies the immense progress made by pilgrims, or some of the first travelers to North America, at Plymouth Plantation circa 1621. It was at this time that the hungry and weary Pilgrims were taught (by Native Americans) how to grow and produce food on North America’s unique terrain. Once they’d grown (and caught) an abundance of food, the Pilgrims were expectedly thankful, and they celebrated alongside the Native Americans who provided them with such valuable assistance. President Abraham Lincoln initiated the contemporary practice of Thanksgiving by calling for a «day of Thanksgiving» during one of his Civil War addresses. In America today, Thanksgiving remains firmly engrained in its historical roots, and is widely considered to be a day for giving thanks for good food, good times, and family. Thanksgiving dinner generally consists of turkey, mashed potatoes, stuffing, vegetables, gravy, and ample desserts.

  • Question 1:

  • When is Thanksgiving celebrated in the US?

  • Thanksgiving celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November.
  • Question 2:

  • Which event(s) began the tradition of Thanksgiving?

  • In 1621, the Plymouth colonists and Wampanoag Indians shared an autumn harvest feast that is acknowledged today as one of the first Thanksgiving celebrations in the colonies.
  • Question 3:

  • Which food(s) are often prepared for Thanksgiving dinner?

  • Thanksgiving dinner often consists of turkey, mashed potatoes, stuffing, vegetables, gravy, and ample desserts.
  • Question 4:

  • Where is Thanksgiving celebrated?

  • The celebration always takes place on the fourth Thursday of November in the US, and second Monday of October of every year in Canada.
  • Question 5:

  • What is the meaning of Thanksgiving’s federal holiday status?

  • In the United States, Thanksgiving is a federal holiday (meaning all government employees and most private employees are given a day off of work)

5. Speak about Beauty

These questions will help you:

  • What is «beauty» for you?

«Beauty» can be every thing that can make us happy.

  • What or who do you consider beautiful?

When I look at something and start to smile sincerely, I definitely think it’s beautiful

  • What does «inner beauty» mean to you?

For me, inner beauty is primarily tolerance.

  • Do you have favourite famous person who you consider beautiful? Who is she/he. why?

No, almost all of whom I love from famous people I consider beautiful.

 

Distance Learning Tasks for Grades (March 16-20)

1. Read the text, translate the last passage into English:

One day a man went to see his doctor and said to him, ‘I’ve swallowed a horse, doctor, and I feel very ill.’

The doctor thought for a few seconds and then said, ‘All right, Mr. Lloyd, I’ll help you. Please lie down on this bed.’

The doctor’s nurse gave the man an injection, the man went to sleep, and the doctor went out quickly to look for a horse in the town. After half an hour he found one, borrowed it and took it into his office, so

when Mr. Lloyd woke up, it was there in front of him.

— Ահա ձին, պարո՛ն Լոյդ,- ասաց բժիշկը,- ես հանել եմ նրան ձեր ստամոքսից և այն այլևս ձեզ չի անհանգստացնի:

Սկզբում պարոն Լոյդը ուրախացավ, բայց հետո կրկին նայեց ձիուն և ասաց.

— Բայց… բժի՛շկ, իմ ձին սպիտակ էր, իսկ այս մեկը շագանակագուն է:

«Here is the horse, Mr. Loyd,» said the doctor; » I have taken it out of your stomach, and it will not trouble you any more:

At first Mr. Loyd was glad, but then he looked at the horse again and said:

— But … doctor, my horse was white, this one is brown.

2. Use the verbs in the brackets in the correct tense form:

  1. He met his wife when he was working (work) in Brussels
  2. — My father went (go) to the bank. He’ll be back soon.
  3. My students didn’t listen (not listen) when I gave the instructions.
  4. Gonzalo is thirsty! I get (get) him a glass of water
  5. If it doesn’t rain (not rain) we’d lie on the beach.

3. Read the text, translate the last passage into English:

Miss Green was very fat. She weighed 100 kilos, and she was getting heavier every month, so she went to see her doctor.

He said, ‘You need a diet, Miss Green, and I’ve got a good one here.’ He gave her a small book and said, ‘Read this carefully and eat the things on page 11 every day. Then come back and see me in two weeks’ time.’

Miss Green came again two weeks later, but she wasn’t thinner: she was fatter. The doctor was surprised and said, ‘Are you eating the things on page 11 of the small book?’

‘Yes, doctor,’ she answered.

Հաջորդ օրը բժիշկը ճաշի ժամին այցելեց օրիորդ Գրինին: Օրիորդը շատ զարմացավ՝ տեսնելով նրան:

-Օրիո՛րդ Գրին,- ասաց բժիշկը,- ինչո՞ւ եք  կարտոֆիլ և հաց ուտում: Դրանք ձեր դիետայի մեջ չեն մտնում:

-Բայց, բժի՛շկ,- պատասխանեց օրիորդ Գրինը,- ես նախաճաշին եմ հետևել իմ դիետային: Սա իմ ճաշն է:

The next day the doctor visited miss green at lunch.

«Mrs. green,» said the doctor, » why do you eat potatoes and bread?».They are not part of your diet.

«But, doctor,» said miss green, » I follow to my diet during Breakfast. It ‘s lunch time.

4. Make the sentences Passive

  1. Letters are delivered by the postman at 8 every day. (deliver)
  2. This bag were found in the  bus  yesterday. (find)
  3. This dress can’t be washed in hot  water. (can not  wash)
  4. Repaired your motorbike yet. (repair)
  5. The message send  tomorrow. (send)

5.Match the baby animals with their parents

  • 1.bear                                a)kitten
  • 2.cat                                   b)cub
  • 3.deer                                c)calf
  • 4.cow                                 d)fawn
  • 5.duck                               e)gosling
  • 6.goose                              f)duckling
  • 7.pig                                   g)foal
  • 8.horse                              h) piglet

Work with text

1. Read the text, translate the last passage into English:

Jack was a young sailor. He lived in England, but he was often away with his ship.

One summer he came back from a long voyage and found new neighbours near his mother’s house. They had a pretty daughter, and Jack soon loved her very much.

He said to her, ‘My next voyage will begin in a few days’ time, Gloria. I love you, and I’ll marry you when I come back. I’ll think about you all the time, and I’ll write to you and send you a present from every port.’

Առաջին նավահանգիստը, որտեղ Ջաքը կանգ առավ, Ֆրիթաունն էր: Նա այնտեղից Գլորիային թութակ ուղարկեց: Այդ թութակը խոսում էր հինգ լեզվով:

The first port where Jack stopped was Freetown. From there he sent Gloria a parrot. That parrot spoke five languages.

Երբ Ջաքի նավը հասավ Ավստրալիա, նա նամակ ստացավ Գլորիայից: Նամակում գրված էր. «Շնորհակալություն թութակի համար, Ջա՛ք: Այն ավելի համեղ էր քան ճուտը»:

When Jack’s ship arrived in Australia, he received a letter from Gloria. The letter said: «Thank you for the parrot, Jack. It was tastier than chicken.»

Task 2. Use the verbs in the brackets in the correct tense form:

1. I never come (never come) across such a big snake in my life. What about you?

2. We looked for (look for) her ring for two hours when we found it in the bathroom.

3. Hi, I am (be) Matt Rotell, a friend of Alice’s.

4. While climbing onto the mountain top, I met (meet) a strange animal which I’d never seen before.

5. If I find (find) a good job, I’ll move to Madrid.

Distance studying. Homework

1. Write an essay or interesting facts about Salvador Dali and Picasso.

Facts about Salvador Dali

  • He believed he was a reincarnation of his older brother, also named Salvador, who had died just 9 months before the artist’s birth.
  • He started painting as young child.
  • He was expelled from Art School (twice).
  • Surrealists weren’t pleased with him.
  • He collaborated with Disney.
  • He desingned the Chupa Chups logo.
  • Dalí met his future wife Elena Ivanovna Diakonova, known as Gala, while she was married to his friend the artist Paul Éluard.
  • His iconic mustache had a literary inspiration.
  • He had a phobia of grasshoppers.

Facts about Picasso

  • Picasso’s Full Name Has 23 Words. Picasso was baptized Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso. He was named after various saints and relatives. The «Picasso» is actually from his mother, Maria Picasso y Lopez. His father is named Jose Ruiz Blasco.
  • Picasso’s first word: Pencil.
  • Picasso was a terrible student.
  • Picasso was a poet and a playwrite.
  • He is the world’s most profilic painter.
  • His father was an artist, art teacher and museum curator who began teaching art to Picasso when he was 7 years old.
  • The first known painting of Picasso is ‘Le Picador’ (1890) which he produced when he was only 9 years old.
  • Experts believe that in all his life Picasso produced about 147,800 pieces, consisting of: 13,500 paintings, 100,000 prints and engravings, 300 sculptures and ceramics and 34,000 illustrations – an impressive 78-year career.
  • Picasso also expressed his genius through poetry and wrote hundreds of poems.
  • The painter also loved animals! Picasso had a mouse, a turtle, a monkey and several cats and dogs.
  • Picasso was the director of the Prado Museum in Madrid (Spain) from 1936 to 1939.
  • Նկարը կարող եք շարժել

2. Write most common phrases in English, translate them and learn by heart.

  • Common phrases to ask how someone is: Ինչպե՞ս ես, Ո՞նց ես
    • What’s up?
    • What’s new?
    • What have you been up to lately?
    • How’s it going?
    • How are things?
    • How’s life?
  • Common phrases to say how you are: «Ինչպե՞ս ես» պատասխան
    • I’m fine, thanks. How about you?
    • Pretty good.
    • Same as always
    • Not so great.
    • Could be better
    • cant complain
  • Common phrases to say thank you: Շնորհակալություն
    • I really appreciate it.
    • I’m really grateful
    • That’s so kind of you.
    • I owe you one. (this means you want/need to do a favor for the other person in the future)
  • Common phrases to respond to thank you: «Շնորհակալություն» պատասխան
    • No problem.
    • No worries
    • Don’t mention it.
    • My pleasure.
    • Anytime.
  • Common phrases to say I don’t know: Չգիտեմ
    • I have no idea/clue.
    • I can’t help you there.
    • (informal) Beats me.
    • I’m not really sure.
    • I’ve been wondering that, too.
  • Common phrases for not having an opinion: Չգիտեմ / Կարծիք չունեմ
    • I’ve never given it much thought.
    • I don’t have strong feelings either way.
    • It doesn’t make any difference to me.
    • I have no opinion on the matter.
  • Common phrases for agreeing: Համաձայնություն
    • Exactly.
    • Absolutely.
    • That’s so true.
    • That’s for sure.
    • I agree 100%
    • I couldn’t agree with you more.
    • (informal) Tell me about it! / You’re telling me!
    • (informal) I’ll say!
    • I suppose so. (use this phrase for weak agreement – you agree, but reluctantly)
  • Common phrases for disagreeing: Անհամաձայնություն
    • I’m not so sure about that.
    • That’s not how I see it.
    • Not necessarily
  • Common phrases to respond to great news: Լավ նորության արձագանք
    • That’s great!
    • How wonderful!
    • Awesome!

3.Listen to this video, put the link in your blog and answer the questions from the video

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Phrases

Translate these phrases, learn by heart

Հարաբերություններ / Ռեակցիա

  • Աչքերը լցնել
  • Ուրախացնել
  • Քնեցնել
  • Ժպտալ
  • Ընկերանալ
  • Սիրել
  • Շպարվել, հորինել, բարիշել
  • Ինչ-որ մեկի վրա ծիծաղել
  • Անցում կատարել
  • Կռվել ինչ-որ մեկի հետ
  • Հիմար իրավիճակի մեջ գցել

Տնային գործեր

  • Հավաքել անկողինը
  • Հավաքել սենյակը

Ուտելիք, ըմպելիք և սնունդ

  • Թխվածք պատրաստել
  • Պատրաստել նախաճաշ
  • Պատրաստել ճաշ
  • Մի բաժակ թեյ պատրաստել
  • Պատրաստել սենդվիչ
  • Պատրաստել աղցան
  • Թեյ պատրաստել
  • Պատրաստել թեթև նախաճաշ

Տնային գործել

  • Անել տան գործերը
  • Լվացք անել
  • Կատարել պարտականությունները
  • Լվանալ
  • Գնումներ կատարել
  • Մաքրություն անել
  • Ուտելիք պատրաստել
  • Ճաշատեսակներ պատրաստել
  • Արդուկել
  • Անել պարտականություններ

When do you use DO and MAKE?

DO is used as follows:

1. DO is used when talking about work, jobs or tasks. Note, they do not produce any physical object.

  • Have you done your homework?
  • I have guests visiting tonight so I should start doing the housework now.
  • I wouldn’t like to do that job.

2. DO is used when we refer to activities in general without being specific. In these cases, we normally use words like thing, something, nothing, anything, everything etc.

  • Hurry up! I’ve got things to do!
  • Don’t just stand there – do something!
  • Is there anything I can do to help you?

3. We sometimes use DO to replace a verb when the meaning is clear or obvious. This is more common in informal spoken English:

  • Do I need to do my hair? (do = brush or comb)
  • Have you done the dishes yet? (done = washed)
  • I’ll do the kitchen if you do the lawns (do = clean, do = mow)

Remember Do can also be as an auxiliary verb (for making questions in the present tense — Do you like chocolate?) For more about Do used in this case, see our page about Do vs Does. Here we will be talking about Do as a normal verb.

When do you use MAKE?

Make is for producing, constructing, creating or building something new.

It is also used to indicate the origin of a product or the materials that are used to make something.

  • His wedding ring is made of gold.
  • The house was made of adobe.
  • Wine is made from grapes.
  • The watches were made in Switzerland

We also use Make for producing an action or reaction:

  • Onions make your eyes water.
  • You make me happy.
  • It’s not my fault. My brother made me do it!

You make before certain nouns about plans and decisions:

  • He has made arrangements to finish work early.
  • They’re making plans for the weekend.
  • You need to make a decision right now.

We use Make with nouns about speaking and certain sounds:

  • She made a nice comment about my dress.
  • The baby is asleep so don’t make any noise.
  • Can I use your phone to make a call?
  • Don’t make a promise that you cannot keep.

We use Make with Food, Drink and Meals:

  • made a cake for her birthday.
  • She made a cup of tea.
  • I must go now. I have to make dinner.
Compare Do and Make

A: You have to make a cake for Simon.

B: I’ll do it later.

Notice how in the response the verb DO is used. This is because the meaning is clear and to avoid saying “I’ll make it later.” which could sound repetitive.

Discussion about FOOD

Food is possibly the most universal topic of them all and everyone loves to discuss what they eat. This is also an ideal topic for beginners because the vocabulary is usually pretty simple. You could use questions like:

  • What is your favorite food? Why?

I love everything that smells good, but most of all I love meat and sweets (chocolate too ofcs).

  • What food comes from your country?

From my country comes tolma, lavash, khorovac, spas, kebab, khash etc.

  • How do you feel when you eat food?

When I eat, my world is filled with joy. I feel like a little kid who got the toy he had wanted for a long time.

  • What foods do you dislike? Why?

I don’t like food that smells bad. (exacly for me)

  • Where do you usually get food from?

Most of all I love the homemade food that my mother cooked. But sometimes you buy in stores.

Present simple or present continuous

1. Andy sometimes reads comics. (to read)

2. We never watch TV in the morning. (to watch)

3. Listen! Sandy is singing in the bathroom. (to sing)

4. My sister usually helps in the kitchen. (to help)

5. My mother is making breakfast now. (to make)

6. They often clean the bathroom. (to clean)

7. Look! The boys are coming home. (to come)

8 Everyday his grandfather goes for a walk. (to go)

9. I am chating with my friend at the moment. (to chat)

10. Cats eats mice. (to eat)

11. She is runing because she’s late for her lesson.

12. Our teacher always gives us lots of homework.

13. We don’t want to go to the concert.

14. What time do you meet Pete tomorrow?

15. I am not working today. I’m on holiday.

16. People speaks English in Jamaica.

17. Archie isn’t using his computer at the moment.

18. Does Tony live near the park?